Ang Hacienda sa Calamba, 1887-1891: Ang Pamilya Rizal sa Gitna ng Tunggalian by Jerome Ong

If anyone wants to read about the Calamba Hacienda case for their Rizal class or something, here’s something worth reading.

Ang Hacienda sa Calamba


The Morga and Reclaiming History

We needed to read this for our PI100 class. Our prof said that it is very difficult to find this excerpt online, so I decided to scan it and post it here, in case anyone would need it and happen to stumble onto this post.

It’s the 5th Chapter of “A Nation Aborted: Rizal, American Hegemony, and Philippine Nationalism” by Floro C. Quibayen (printed in Quezon City, Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1999)

The Morga and Reclaiming History

Thoughts on the LRT/MRT fare hike

So recently in Manila, the DOTC increased the fare for the LRT/MRT by around double the amount that is usually paid. You do have to take note that they do not do this willy-nilly; in fact, this is the first fare hike in a while. A long while. Not sure how long that “while” is, but it’s pretty long. We’re talking years long. Like, more-than-five-years-ago long. Naturally, the people are not happy. I, on the other hand, don’t have issues with the price hike. I have issues, though, with the way people are responding to it.

Issue#1: “According to GMA News, some passengers earlier today were still shocked of the fare hike.” (

HOW CAN YOU NOT KNOW ABOUT THE FARE HIKE??? It was all everybody could talk about before the Christmas season started. And in early 2014, there already were rumors of the impending fare hike. That and that was all anyone could broadcast for the past few weeks (aside from the usual human interest story and the Pope’s visit). It was even in the newspapers. People were arguing against it. The article even said that there were signs posted in the station two weeks before it was implemented. HOW CAN YOU NOT KNOW??? Seriously, you have no one but yourself to blame for not knowing.

Issue#2: You get what you pay for.

If you want shitty service, be my guest and oppose the fare hike. If you would compare the fare for all the LRT/MRT services in all the other countries with that of ours, you would notice one thing. That ours is a lot cheaper. Look at the state of our LRT/MRT compared to theirs. Theirs is a lot more convenient and goes to many more places while ours is severely limited. You may argue that these countries (like Singapore, or in the case of Hong Kong, which is not exactly a country but you get my point) are well-off compared to ours and that’s something I can’t deny. But the principle is the same, I guess. You have to be willing to pay for a premium service. The fastest way to get around Metro Manila is using the LRT/MRT, and also the cheapest way. It doesn’t make much sense in the business perspective. You have to make it their while to make the service better. If only the government is running it, then it would be okay-ish (I guess) for it to run at a deficit. You have to remember, though, that it is essentially run by a private company. Why should they upgrade the facilities, buy more trains and make it more convenient for us when it doesn’t even let them earn that much money. In a business sense, it’s a waste of time. Look at Hong Kong. There was this one time that my fare reached around P120 (when converted) and I wasn’t even going from one end to the other. It was totally worth it, for not having to squeeze in with other people in a derelict train car, worry about it breaking down, or wait for 10 minutes to half an hour for another one to arrive (because it came like every 3 minutes). I knew that I was getting to my destination on time, not sweaty (because the air conditioning units all work) and without anyone’s body odor clinging to my clothes, and that’s what made the P120 worth it. If you want the same thing to happen here in Manila, you have to be willing to pay for it.

That’s all I can think of for now. I guess I’ll add onto this when I feel like writing again.

Broadway Musical Songs Ranked! (Based on personal preference)

So lately, I’ve been living in a musical theater bubble here in the Philippines, which is quite odd considering the lack of musical theater stuff here. I should be writing my sentence outline for my Comm2 paper (which should be completed in a few months from now, HAHAHAHA), but I can’t seem to bring myself out of my bubble long enough to write something that makes sense to other people. I’ve been living in this bubble for a while, a little over a year to be exact. It started kinda late, either during my last few years in elementary or the first year of high school, I can’t remember for sure. I watched Avenue Q when it showed in the RCBC plaza a few years back, and that was my introduction to musical theater. It really started, though, when I watched Wicked last summer in the Gershwin Theater in New York. And since I’ve only recently been really interested in musical theater, I haven’t listened to as many soundtracks as I wish I have. So if you think I should listen to something that should be included in my personal ranking, then tell me!

Just so you know, I’m more into the newer musicals, although I don’t have specific style of musical that I favor.


1. Defying Gravity


This was the song that started it all. Watching the amazing Willemijn Verkaik perform it on Broadway the first time I saw it and Jemma Rix perform it in Manila the second time I saw it somehow made it all click. It was at that moment I fell in love with musical theater. Listening to the Original Broadway Cast Recording with the amazing Idina Menzel never gets old. It’s my most played song on my iPod Touch being played more than 50 times. That doesn’t count the times I listen to it on Spotify and the times I watched people perform it in YouTube videos. It is simply… AMAZING. I can’t get enough of it.


– I’m going to keep adding to this when I have the time-

Allegory of Hell Week (Here’s to Sleepless Nights!)

I stare out into the deep, dark abyss.

I don’t know what’s out there, but I jump in anyway.

As I fall, I there are times when I’m able to grab onto a sturdy branch or trunk.

Sometimes they break, sometimes they don’t.

Other times, I’m too far away to grab ahold of them but they end up scraping against me.

Seconds feel like hours while I’m falling.

When I look up, I can’t see the sky anymore.

When I look down, I still can’t see where I’m going.

I could only hope, pray and believe that somehow I’ll be okay.

From a Private School to a Public University

This year is practically a year of firsts for me. And although I’ve been alive for 18 years now, I didn’t know that there was still so much to experience! Of course I knew I would be exposed to more things while in University, but I honestly didn’t think it would be that many.

Maybe a little background would help.

I came from an all-girls private school. I’ve stayed there for around 13 years (from Preschool to High School) and I’ve never thought of myself as completely clueless and helpless before. I had never enrolled myself in those 13 years. I had always been driven to and from school and practically everywhere else for that matter. I had never stayed up past 11 pm studying or doing assignments despite being part of the school’s varsity volleyball team. I never had to worry about my allowance, books and requirements. 

Here’s what I have experienced in (or in relation to) the University of the Philippines so far.

  1. I’ve actually enrolled myself twice (once for each semester) and it only took me 2-3 days each. The first time only took 2 days (one for the physical and dental exams and the other for the enrollment process itself). The second time took 2 and a half days (one and a half to look for and ask some of my professors to sign my class cards, half a day for registration and another half to get reassessed and pay my tuition).
  2. I take public transpo to get home from school. I still get dropped of in school but due to the traffic in Manila, it’s very inconvenient to be fetched, especially when my house is actually quite far from school. That and my last class ends around rush hour, so it would take forever to get home using my car. The only solution is to take the LRT (Light Rail Transit) home. After a semester of squeezing in packed cars, I think I’m getting used to it.
  3. In addition to #2, I’ve ridden a jeepney! Twice! Although it was when I was with my friends. Going a few blocks away from my school. It was a return trip. Still, I think that counts.
  4. I got a grade of INC (Incomplete) in PE1. Of all the subjects to get an incomplete grade, it just had to be PE1: Fundamentals of Physical Fitness. I still can’t believe it. Of all the times I had to get sick with the flu, it had to be the day before the Final exam, which was a (more or less) 5k run/jog/walk. Of course I couldn’t finish it. I could barely walk straight that day.
  5. I had to ask my professors for my grades. Obviously, I had never done that one before. My grades were all given to me on the same day on one report card. This time, because of a problem with the CRS, I had to go look for half of my professors and ask them to sign my class card. Otherwise, I wouldn’t be able to enroll.
  6. I’ve been sightseeing in Manila! Despite living here for 18 years, this year gave me the opportunity to visit places in Manila I’ve never been before. A few weeks ago, it was actually my first time to visit Rizal Park. How embarrassing.
  7. This is the first time I’ve had a 3-hour break. But I’m actually happy I have that break. At least until my professor for the first class doesn’t show up. That’s actually happened thrice so far. And the semester only started almost mid-November. Anyway, I’ve been using the time to cram for the next classes and to ask my blockmates to teach me the things I don’t understand from all the classes. Lately, it’s actually become productive.
  8. I’ve seen a rally. Actually, I’ve seen more than one. There seems to be a lot of activity along Padre Faura and Taft. With the Department of Justice, the Philippine General Hospital, the Supreme Court and the National Bureau of Investigation as your neighbors, interesting things are bound to happen. As of the time of writing, Padre Faura was closed off to vehicular traffic once (or was it twice?) and a protest has happened in PGH and the DOJ (although I’ve completely lost count).

Well, I think that’s about it for the firsts I’ve experienced so far during my first year in UP. There might have been some lapses in my memory so I’m not sure if that’s all I’ve actually experienced. But nevertheless, here’s to the many first I have yet to experience! And here’s to hoping that I won’t experience anything harmful along the way!